The current account deficit is a measurement of a country where the value of the goods and services it imports exceeds the value of the goods and services it exports. The current account includes net income, such as interest and dividends, and transfers, such as foreign aid, and these components make up only a small percentage of the total current account. The current account represents a country's foreign transactions and, like the capital account, is a component of a country's balance of payments.
A country can reduce its current account deficit by increasing the value of its exports relative to the value of imports. It can place restrictions on imports, such as tariffs or quotas, or it can promote policies that promote export, such as import substitution, industrialization or policies that improve domestic companies' global competitiveness. The country can also use monetary policy to improve the country's evaluation of other currencies through devaluation, which reduces the country's export costs.
While a current account deficit can not be inherently disadvantageous, it has a significant impact on the debt. may remain solvent while running a current account deficit, but it may be insolvent.
Countries with current account deficits are big spenders that foreign investors consider credit worthy. These countries can not borrow from their own residents. They simply have not saved enough in local banks. Businesses in a country like this can not expand unless they borrow from foreigners. That's where the credit-worthiness comes into the picture. If a country has a lot of spendthrifts, it will not be worth it.
A country with a current account deficit should invest the foreign capital wisely. It should build roads and ports, and educate its workforce, to boost international trade.