History of sapphire stone: The sapphire word of the Greek "sappheiros" means "blue". Greeks and Romans used sapphires from Sri Lanka in the fifth century BCE. The Egyptians venerated and considered the sapphire stone as sacred and revealing justice and truth and the Persians thought that the blue of the sky was the result of its reflections. For the Catholic Church, the sapphire stone is a symbol of purity, and the cardinals wore it in a ring on their right hand.
Sapphire in antiquity: The sapphire stone is mentioned in the Old Testament. The Tables of the Law would have been made in sapphire, but not as a material, rather on the spiritual level as it would represent the vision of God through Moses. The blue color is always associated with heavenly and divine power among the Greeks and Romans. The sapphire stone of antiquity does not always correspond to the one we know, because the descriptions of the Greeks pointed to blue stones with golden dots corresponding rather to lapis lazuli. The different peoples associated the intensity of color with a supposed sex of the stone: a dark blue sapphire would be a male and a paler female.
Blue topazes range from pale blue and soft, to very intense blue. The blue topaz stone is a beautiful stone that can remind aquamarine but blue topaz jewelry are much more affordable. The Egyptians attributed mystical powers to the topazes and used amulets. Romans and Greeks thought that topaz could make the warrior invisible. While in the middle ages, it was thought that it improved the view. In lithotherapy, blue topaz is reputed to re-energize the body; relieve sore throat and strengthen the voice. It repairs nervous shocks, and stimulates the brain.
The star sapphire:
The blue star sapphire is cut in cabochon. Under a directional light, it reveals an asterism with six branches. A star born from the light that seems to float on the surface of the stone. The more centered this is, the more stone is sought on the gem market. The branches of the star are not sharp; they mark a slight vibration and are not equal. It is its concentration of rutile needles that generates this particular optical phenomenon. Rutile is a very common inclusion in the family of corundum (sapphire, ruby). It is present in the form of very fine needles that crystallize along three axes intersecting at 60 ° and give a silky appearance to the stones. When the needles of rutile are so numerous as to veil the gemstone, the lapidary can decide to cut the sapphire (or the ruby) cabochon by positioning the base of its stone parallel to the needles. This technique makes it possible to create an optical phenomenon of decomposition of light into a star at 6 and very rarely at 12 branches (asterism). Its base is never perfect, it has a stony appearance.
You can buy gemstones online from online stores and also from the jewelry stores.
You can also search on Google to buy loose gemstones from online stores.