Introduction to WordPress Security Status
WordPress users tend to attribute so many online threats and cyber-attacks to the inherent security vulnerabilities of Word Press itself. In fact, this is not right. The security team behind WordPress has been working hard to eliminate any vulnerabilities found in WordPress and to keep releasing core updates with security patches. It is estimated that more than two thousand security vulnerabilities have been fixed since the original WordPress version. In order to use all available security patches, it is recommended that you update the WordPress program automatically or manually as soon as possible.
When your WordPress is site a target?
Often, hackers attack websites to get money or hacking. This does not mean that your new WordPress site is not the target of hackers. According to Network Experts research, all websites, regardless of content or content, traffic or traffic, are at risk of cyber-attacks.
As WordPress itself continues to be added to the most popular content management platform on the web, it is naturally a favorite target for hackers.
How do hackers destroy your WordPress site?
Most WordPress sites are attacked through their web server vulnerabilities, and there are also insecure themes or site plugins being attacked.
In so many hacking attacks each year, almost all attacks are done automatically. This is why hackers are found to be unable to distinguish between different sized WordPress sites.
By using robots or black clients to automatically and systematically detect known vulnerabilities, hackers attack hundreds of thousands of sites simultaneously. Therefore, if your WordPress site is hacked, it may be because the security vulnerability of the site appears in the automatic script detection.
Some of the most commonly exploited and potential WordPress vulnerabilities include:
Cross-site scripting (XSS)
SQL injection (SQLI)
Cross-site request forgery (CSRF)
Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)
Local file contains (LFI)
In addition, there are many other reasons for hacking WordPress sites, such as human error. Often, multiple vulnerabilities are exploited at the same time.
Best WordPress Website Server Security Measures
As you can see, there may be more security holes than you might think. They keep popping up, which means you are always at risk of being attacked or hacked. You can never stop things from happening 100% of the time. The best thing you can do is to implement the best security measures to protect yourself.
1. Keep WordPress, themes and plugins up to date
Always make sure you are running the latest version of WordPress and all the themes and plugins. Developers periodically launch updates and patches included in web applications. In order to avoid facing potential vulnerabilities, hackers tend to use older versions, so keep everything updated. For unused themes and plugins that may be potential backdoors, please disable and remove them as soon as possible.
You may not want to manually update WordPress, themes, and plugins yourself, and you might consider taking advantage of the automated tools provided by your hosting provider. For example, enabling customers to easily turn on or off automatic integration of new WordPress installations, including updating themes and plugins with a simple click.
You can also make additional and recommended edits to website blocker plugin the WordPress installation to improve the security of your WordPress site. For example, hide the WordPress version number by adding the following line to the theme's functions.php file:
And remove the WordPress reference from your theme file as follows:
2. Back up your WordPress site regularly
No matter how secure your WordPress web server is, there is room for improvement. Sites, including data and files, are always recommended and must be backed up regularly.
In addition, you'd better schedule a backup to prevent the archives available when you need to restore your WordPress site. You can manually back up your WordPress site or back up with the help of a backup plugin. There are some great WordPress plugins that let you have a full copy of the site so you can roll back after encountering any problems. Also, don't forget to test where your backups work and include everything you want to back up.
3. Encrypt data using SSL
Since Google began marking all HTTP pages as insecure in January 2017, many WordPress site owners are considering purchasing the necessary SSL/TLS certificates and setting up HTTPS on their WordPress hosting servers to improve network security and privacy. Sex.
Unfortunately, there are still many people who refuse to run HTTPS connections because they are running a blog or information site and there is nothing to protect. Obviously, they ignore the importance of login credentials. If a WordPress site has multiple authors logged in from a variety of different networks, running through a secure connection is the best way to enhance WordPress security. By the way, even for the advantages of SEO and the performance advantages of HTTPS, switching from HTTP to HTTPS is worth trying.
If you are concerned about the cost of an advanced SSL certificate, you can start with a free option that provides equal protection for paid domain verification solutions and is trusted by 99.9% of browsers and devices. As demand grows, they can upgrade to a high-level OV or EV SSL certificate by purchasing it at an affordable price from an SSL certificate provider.
4. Protect the wp-config.php file
All key configuration information for your site is saved in the wp-config.php file. It's no wonder that it's important to protect it from hacking as much as possible. To protect this file, you need to perform the following steps:
a.) Generate a new key
After installing WordPress, the system will write four keys in your wp-config.php file to encrypt the information stored in the cookie, making the password difficult to crack.
As long as you reset your password and ensure that your WordPress site doesn't have any backdoor vulnerabilities, your site can be protected from hackers again.
You can use the WordPress Security Key Generator to generate a new set of security keys. Use this URL and copy the entire output and paste it directly into the wp-config.php file, replacing the old one.
b.) Move wp-config.php
By default, the wp-config.php file is located in the root folder of the WordPress site. In other words, it can be easily found in public HTML folders and can be accessed through a browser. The good news is that WordPress allows you to move the wp-config.php file from its default location to make it difficult to locate.
Usually, there are two ways to move the wp-config.php file. If you are sure that your WordPress site is in the root directory and not in a subdirectory, you can choose to move it to a directory, provided that a file with the same name already exists. Another way is to move it to whatever you want, but you need to create a new file with the same name and use the following code in the original location below:
Also, change /path/to/wp-config.php to the actual path to the wp-config.php file where you can move it.
5. Website uses complex passwords
Weak passwords have become one of the most common reasons for security issues on WordPress sites. Therefore, it is always recommended to choose a complex password consisting of letters, numbers and characters.
When creating a password, you'd better remember some rules:
Avoid using passwords similar to your site name or username
Change your password regularly
Do not reuse passwords;
Use two-factor authentication
Restrict login attempts
Update your website only from trusted networks
6. Protect your WordPress database
The data and information for all of your WordPress sites is stored in the database. Protecting it is crucial.
First, use a different table prefix. WordPress uses the wp-table prefix by default, which is easy to cause SQL injection attacks. You can block your WordPress site by changing wp- to x3sdf- so that intruders are less likely to guess it. Even if you installed the WordPress site with the default prefix, you can change it to iThemes Security with the help of the WordPress plugin.
Second, set a strong name and password for the database. Don't worry too complicated to remember, because if you provide them, you can look at the details in the wp-config.php file.
Third, isolate your WordPress database. This is especially useful when you have multiple WordPress sites on the same managed server account. For your convenience, it's easy to create all sites in the same database, but it can also create WordPress security risks. Think about when one of your WordPress sites is hacked, all other sites are at serious risk of hacking. If you plan to build multiple WordPress sites under the same roof, don't bother creating new databases with different names and passwords.
Fourth, limit file permissions. By default, WordPress grants administrators permission to edit PHP files. On the other hand, this leaves a security hole for hackers to log in to your WordPress site and then edit the files to meet their malicious needs. Therefore, I recommend that you disable the file editing of the WordPress administrator after completing the website development and bringing it online.
7. Disable XML-RPC
XML-RPC enables applications to remotely connect to WordPress via an API. Updating a site with a mobile app is a use case for XML-RPC. It provides hackers with the opportunity to launch DDoS attacks, while also bringing great convenience.
If you are certain that no WordPress plugin or other third party application uses your WordPress site via XML-RPC, you should disable XML-RPC.
8. Disable PHP error reporting
Error reporting can serve as a lifetime protection when you develop a WordPress site. Therefore, you can know exactly where the error is and fix it immediately.
However, when your WordPress site goes live, error reporting can provide clues to the hacker's server path.
If opening a web page incorrectly displays the username of the website, this is critical information for hackers who want to attack your hosting account.
To disable PHP error reporting, add the following code to the wp-config.php file:
9. Install the firewall
Top of the Cyber Security Services says that web Application Firewall (WAF) can help prevent hackers from getting close to your WordPress site. You may be confused about the available WAF firewall and lose the confidence to choose the most reliable solution.
10. Migrate to a secure server provider
When you've done all of the above to protect your WordPress site but are disappointed to find that it's still at a high risk level, it's time to consider changing your server provider.
Choosing a safe hosting plan is not as difficult as you might think. We as a Cyber Security Services. Please pay special attention to the following features, you can find the best solution for your WordPress website server:
Support the latest PHP and MySQL versions
Web application firewall
Intrusion Detection System
Proactive updates and patches
Free SSL certificate
Regular server and network monitoring