police (8)

Blog Post Film Police

Beverly Hills based First Amendment advocate Darren Chaker notes that it is clearly established law that officers may be filmed while carrying out their official duties. See Fordyce v. City of Seattle, 55 F.3d at 439; see also Adkins v. Limtiaco, 537 Fed. Appx. 721, 722 (9th Cir. 2013).

Darren Chaker has seen several online videos where the person filming the police offer to show a press pass. There is no reason to allege you have a press pass, but merely state your unfettered right to film police. Identification need not be provided to police since there is no probable cause to believe you are committing a crime. In Hiibel v. Sixth Judicial District Court of Nevada, 542 U.S. 177 (2004), the Court held that a state statute can require a suspect to disclose his or her name in the course of a brief stop, if the detention was based on reasonable suspicion of a crime. Thus, the crime cannot be a failure to identify yourself, but there must an independent crime to be arrested for prior to police demanding identification. This is why it is critically important to not interfere with police or provide an independent basis to get arrested for. A great LA Times article was written concerning when a person must provide identification. The article states in relevant part, “Do you have to show an ID whenever an official asks for one? No. In California, police cannot arrest someone merely for refusing to provide ID.”

In California, as with many other states, the law explicitly states police cannot arrest people who are merely videotaping police. See California Penal Code § 69(b). See also California Penal Code § 148(g) which reads:

The fact that a person takes a photograph or makes an audio or video recording of a public officer or peace officer, while the officer is in a public place or the person taking the photograph or making the recording is in a place he or she has the right to be, does not constitute, in and of itself, a violation of subdivision (a), nor does it constitute reasonable suspicion to detain the person or probable cause to arrest the person. (emphasis added)

In another case, Gericke v. Begin (1st Cir. 2014) 753 F.3d 1, 7, the court explained the right to film police is clearly within the scope of the First Amendment:

Protecting that right of information gathering "not only aids in the uncovering of abuses, but also may have a salutary effect on the functioning of government more generally." Id. at 82-83 (citations omitted). Those First Amendment principles apply equally to the filming of a traffic stop and the filming of an arrest in a public park. In both instances, the subject of filming is "police carrying out their duties in public." Id. at 82. A traffic stop, no matter the additional circumstances, is inescapably a police duty carried out in public. Hence, a traffic stop does not extinguish an individual's right to film. (emphasis added)

Other courts have also repeatedly established a person who is merely filming police may not be detained or arrested. See, e.g., McComas, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 50783, 2017 WL 1209934, at *7 ("A reasonable officer in [defendant's] position would have known that it is a violation of a constitutional right to harass an individual who is peacefully filming the officer."); Barich v. City of Cotati, No. 15-CV-00350-VC, 2015 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 142672, 2015 WL 6157488, at *1 (N.D. Cal. Oct. 20, 2015) ("Thus, 'under the law of this circuit there is and was' at the time of [the defendant's] conduct 'a clearly established right to record police officers carrying out their official duties.'")

Thus, no matter how much intimidation police may interject into a situation – that person has no obligation to identify him/herself or cease filming. The ugly reality is after watching dozens of videos online, is that citizens are pressured to produce identification, often stop filming, are detained, and even roughed up. The First Amendment was here first and Darren Chaker encourages people to stand on that foundation. Darren Chaker explains a few a few tactful ways you may want to enforce your First Amendment rights:

  1. Overwatch: If you, the person filming, believe police will surround, harass, or otherwise intimidate you, have a third-party conduct overwatch. Overwatch is simply having an observer film you from a distance. Overwatch is important since police can take your phone/camera, and write anything they want in their report to justify the action taken. For example, “Subject became hostile, hit me, and I subdued (beat) him/her to effectuate an arrest.” The key to combat this is to (1) do not alert police to the overwatch; allow the officer to testify under oath about what he alleged happened; and (3) then forward a copy of the video showing the officer’s report and testimony are clearly contradicted by video. To add icing to the perjury cake, email the Public Defender who often represent 80-90% of defendants so when/if that officer comes into court, he/she will be impeached with prior false testimony. You have effectively ended that officer’s career since if he/she is not charged with perjury, that officer will always be haunted by the contradicted testimony in any court the officer appears in. In San Diego the Public Defender has a database of police officers with past issues of perjury and abuse. See article. Another good option is to film police where you are standing in view of security cameras. For example, in the parking lot of a bank, gas station, etc. If something adverse happens, you or your attorney can subpoena the security camera footage to contradict any allegation you were hostile, threatening, attacked an officer, etc. Keep in mind, it is common for security cameras to not work, and that businesses like banks and gas stations often rely on police for help, so do not rule out the video is deleted as a favor.

 

  1. Secure Video: Alternatively, when you video police, use the ACLU Mobile Justice App. that uploads your video to the ACLU server, thus prevents the video from being destroyed. Another option is to LiveStream your video on FaceBook or YouTube where it is retained. Be sure to not record video on an external SD card since the card can be simply removed.

 

  1. Secure Phone: Be sure to your phone is encrypted and you have a complex password to access it. Often times, you can lock your phone but still continue recording. The United States Supreme Court issued its ruling in Carpenter v. United States, 585 U.S. ____, No. 16-402 (June 22, 2018) requires police to get a warrant to access your phone. If the officer says, “I will get a warrant” encourage him/her to do so! Ultimately, if you are conducting yourself lawfully, filming the police is not against the law and a search warrant cannot be issued for such conduct. Literally, a search warrant cannot be issued to merely get into your phone since it is not on the limited roster of crimes a search warrant may be issued for. See the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s memo on this. Thus, do not fall for the “I will get a warrant” bluff that is aimed at inducing consent.

 

  1. Do Not Consent: Do not consent to allowing police to search your phone. Once you consent, anything on your phone can be used against you. Schneckloth v. Bustamonte,412 U.S. 218, 219 (1973); United States v. Lopez-Cruz, 730 F.3d 803, 809 (9th Cir. 2013); United States v. Vanvliet, 542 F.3d 259, 264 (1st Cir. 2008). As the Electronic Frontier Foundation puts it, tell police: “I do not want to talk to you. I do not consent to a search. I want to speak to my attorney.” Understand the seasoned officer may craft his request in an artful way to gain consent, such as: I just want to make sure you are not videotaping our undercover cars or officers since that can jeopardize lives. You give police your phone and your video are deleted. Don’t fall for a ruse. Stand your ground and invoke your rights.

 

  1. Do Not Interfere: Absolutely, do not interfere with the police carrying out his/her duties. Do not speak to the suspect, do not speak to police, or get in the way. Be a silent observer from a safe distance. With today’s technology one need not be in the officer’s face with a camera, but can be across the street and zoom in on where police are. You do not want to give police a reason to say you were interfering with his/her duties and arrest you on that basis.

 

"[T]he First Amendment protects a significant amount of verbal criticism and challenge directed at police officers." City of Houston v. Hill, 482 U.S. 451, 461, 107 S. Ct. 2502, 96 L. Ed. 2d 398 (1987). However, Darren Chaker does not endorse or encourage anyone to berate or harass the police. Police do a very tough job and should be watched especially in this day and age of police abuse becoming increasing more publicized due to people filming the police. Most police are good people with good intentions, but some are not. However, regardless of what type of police officer you come across, you have the First Amendment right to get your phone out and video how they interact with the public.

Of course, do not rely on the above for legal advice and only rely on the advice of your own attorney.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The right to film matters of public concern, including police activity, is firmly established. See Adkins v. Limtiaco, 537 F. App'x 721, 722 (9th Cir. 2013) (citing

 

Police have a difficult job to do. But with that enormous power comes with it scrutiny.

 

Skoog v. Cty. of Clackamas, 469 F.3d 1221, 1235 (9th Cir. 2006) (holding that a right exists to be free of police action for which retaliation is a but-for cause even if probable cause exists for that action)

(McComas v. City of Rohnert Park (N.D.Cal. Apr. 3, 2017, No. 16-cv-02705-TEH) 2017 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 50783, at *21.)

It is clearly established law that officers may be filmed while carrying out their official duties. See Fordyce, 55 F.3d at 439; see also Adkins v. Limtiaco, 537 Fed. Appx. 721, 722 (9th Cir. 2013).

See, e.g., McComas, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 50783, 2017 WL 1209934, at *7 ("A reasonable officer in [defendant's] position would have known that it is a violation of a constitutional right to harass an individual who is peacefully filming the officer."); Barich v. City of Cotati, No. 15-CV-00350-VC, 2015 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 142672, 2015 WL 6157488, at *1 (N.D. Cal. Oct. 20, 2015) ("Thus, 'under the law of this circuit there is and was' at the time of [the defendant's] conduct 'a clearly established right to record police officers carrying out their official duties.'")PC148

Key things to do:

Observe, do not interact with police or suspect.

Smart thing to do is have an overwatch – someone who is

ACLU App

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Rajasthan Police Result

Rajasthan Police Result - Rajasthan Police Recruitment Board is the state level board that issues various recruitment's to hire the candidates into various police posts. The department has recently released the notification for numbers constable vacancies. Many of the candidates seeking to get Raj Police Constable vacancies have applied for the police constable posts. The RPRB received lakhs of applications from the candidates. Aspirants will be short listed through the written test, physical eligibility text, physical fitness test and medical examination rounds. The written test was organized by RPRB as per the scheduled date. Candidates aspiring to get police constable jobs in the state have appeared for the examination. 

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Department of Chhattisgarh police has announced the Chhattisgarh Police Recruitment Notifications. The Police department of Chhattisgarh police is a great place to work. CG Constable Police Online forms are available on the official website. Those interested students who are preparing for the CG Police Constable exam. The students who are practicing for the exam should have to work hard to achieve the success in the particular department.Chhattisgarh Police syllabus will provide subjects which contain the maximum weight of marks. The CG police online form should be submitted before the last date of the exam. The CG police 2018 online application form required certain criteria in which an individual should get fitted. The CG police constable admits card will be going to available soon as the application form of Chhattisgarh police gets submitted.The CG police exam date 2018 will be finalized by the officials of conducting the exam. The exam pattern of Cg police constable will be available on the portal. Do you want to crack CG police Constable exam? The best Chhattisgarh Police Constable Syllabus and the procedure of appearing in the exam are available on the portal. The CG police vacancies have opened after a long time. The students are working hard in the preparation to give the best result in the exam.CG Police Constable Syllabus Pdf DownloadThe Chattisgarh police syllabus has many advantages. You can easily download the constable syllabus Pdf and work hard to get the best results in the field of Exam. The exam paper has been made by the experienced faculties. These faculties have a lot of experiences in working in the same field.CG Police Constable Exam PatternFor getting success in the exam one should have the knowledge about the exam pattern as well as the type of question paper which have maximum chances to appear in the exam. Visit Edu.fliqi.com for more information. Police jobs are one of the prestigious jobs in the country as it comes with many benefits. The government jobs are always very good jobs because they provide a large number of benefits.
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TNUSRB results 2018 About 5.5 lakh have appeared to fill 15664 posts

TNUSRB result 2018 The Tamil Nadu Uniformed Services Recruitment Board (TNUSRB) has declared the results of the Police Constables, Jail Warders and Firemen recruitment exam 2018 on July 7. Candidates who have appeared for the paper can check their result from the university’s official website (see steps below to know how) once they have been declared.

Candidates who have not qualified for the next stage can view their marks from July 12 onwards by logging in with their enrolment number and date of birth.

According to official sources, the results will not be released in the coming week. The examination was held on May 21 this year and 5.5 lakh candidates appeared for the paper out of nearly 10 lakh candidates who applied. Candidates had one hour and 20 minutes to answer questions on general knowledge and psychology. The paper carries 80 marks and candidates can cross check their answers with the answer key.

The Board has already released the preliminary answer key for the exam and candidates who clear this round will be called for the Physical Measurement Test (PMT), endurance test and Physical Efficiency Test (PET). Candidates can access their results from tnusrb.tn.gov.in and tnusrbonline.org.

Steps to download TNUSRB constable 2018 exam results:

Step 1: Go to the official website mentioned aboveStep 2: On the homepage, click on the ‘TNUSRB constable 2018 results’ linkStep 3: A new page will open displaying centre wise result. Click on the centre you appeared in

Step 4: The result will appear

The registration for the exam had begun on January 23, 2018 and the applicants were allowed to submit their applications till February 22, 2018. While class 10 or SSLC pass aspirants were eligible to apply for the post, the maximum age limit was set to 24 years (it was higher for candidates belonging to reserved categories). UP Police Answer Key 2018

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In a massive recruitment drive, Rajasthan Police is accepting applications to recruit 13,142 candidates for the posts of constables in the service.

In a massive recruitment drive, Rajasthan Police is accepting applications to recruit 13,142 candidates for the posts of constables in the service. The aspirants can submit their application by June 14.

In a notification date 4 June 2018, the Rajasthan Police invited applications for constables under various categories, including NTSP, TSP and sports.

The aspirants who had applied for Rajasthan Police Constable Recruitment 2017 online can use their old ID to apply this year and save the application fee. In case the old ID has been misplaced and SMS has been deleted then they can apply for the Rajasthan Police Constable Recruitment 2018  by paying the required application fee.

Interested and eligible candidates can apply online through the official website (police.rajasthan.gov.in) up to June 15, 2018.

Important Dates

  • Starting Date: May 25, 2018
  • Closing Date: June 14, 2018
  • Starting date for Fee submission: May 25, 2018
  • Last date for fee submission: June 14, 2018

Rajasthan Police Recruitment 2018- Vacancy details

  • Constable General (Gen Location)- 11084
  • Constable Driver (Gen Location)- 743
  • Constable Band (Gen Location)- 132
  • Constable Horse Rider (Gen Location)- 34
  • Constable Operator (Gen Location)- 202
  • Constable Dog Squad (Gen Location)- 17
  • Constable (TSP)- 72
  • Constable Driver (TSP)- 18
  • Constable Band (TSP)- 12
  • Constable Gen Band (Sahriya Location)- 15
  • Constable Driver (Sahriya Location)- 13
  • Total- 13, 142

Eligibility criteria for Rajasthan Recruitment 2018

Educational qualification

District Police/Intelligence- Secondary/10th pass

RAC /MBC Battalion- 8th pass

Telecommunication Operator- 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Maths

Age Limit

For Gen Constable/ Operator/ Band/ Horse Rider/ Dog squad

Gen Category

  • Male Born Between January 2, 1992 to January 1, 2001
  • Female-Born Between January 2, 1987 to January 1, 2001

SC/ ST/ Sahriya Category

  • Male Born Between January 2, 1987 to January 1, 2001
  • Female- Born Between January 2, 1982 to January 1, 2001
  • Ex-Servicemen- January 2, 1992 to January 1, 1973

Constable Driver

Gen Category

Male Born Between January 2, 1989 to January 1, 2001

SC/ ST/ Sahriya Category RSMSSB Information Assistant Answer Key

  • Male Born Between January 2, 1984 to January 1, 2001 
  • Female- Born Between January 2, 1979 to January 1, 2001 Rajasthan Police Recruitment 2018
  • Ex-Servicemen Born Between January 2, 1992 to January 1, 1973  techmario

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Rajasthan Police Department successfully conducted written examination for the recruitment of Special Constable posts in the month of January 2018. A huge number of candidates who are looking for the government jobs have applied and appeared for the exam across various centers in the state. All the candidates who had written the exam are eagerly waiting for the Rajasthan Police Constable Results 2018. Now, the wait is over. The Rajasthan Police board has declared Constable Result of TSP Special Recruitment 2018 for mbc kherwara, Banswara, Pratap Garh, Sirohi, Udaipur & Dungarpur. So, the candidates appeared for the exam are advised to check the selected list and results from the direct link provided below.

The Rajasthan Police is the law enforcement agency for the state of Rajasthan in India. The Rajasthan Police has its headquarters in Jaipur, the state capital. The motto of the force is Committed to serving. Rajasthan was formed by the merger of the erstwhile princely states. The security and the police forces of the former princely states varied in composition, functions and administrative procedures. Following the merger, the police forces of the princely states united as of January 1951.

Every year it conducts various examinations for the recruitment of eligible candidates in different departments. This year it has scheduled Special constable recruitment 2018 for TSP/ Saharia regions and the candidates who had written the exam can check the results from the official website or also directly from the link which is provided below.

Category: results 2018

Name of the Organization: Rajasthan Police Department

Name of the Post: Police Constable.

Number of the posts: 5390 posts

Date of the Exam: 21st August 2018

Declaration of Results: first or second week of July 2018

Result status: available very soon

Rajasthan Constable Results 2018:

The Rajasthan Police department released notification and invited online applications for the recruitment of Constable posts. A huge number of eligible and interested candidates applied and written the exam. The Candidates who had appeared for the exam can check the results from the official website or from the direct link provided below.

Steps to Download Rajasthan Police Constable Results 2018:

  • Visit the official website or the direct link provided below.
  • The homepage will be displayed.
  • Click on Rajasthan Special Constable Results 2018.
  • The list of the selected candidates will appear on the screen.
  • Check the results. Rajasthan Police Constable Merit List 2018
  • Download/ Take a printout for further reference.

We will update latest results, admit cards, answer keys here. Press CTRL+D to bookmark this page for easy navigation. Rajasthan Police Result 2018

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The admit cards for Rajasthan Police Constable has been released on the website of the state police department. The official notification released on the official website of Rajasthan police, police.rajasthan.gov.in, reads, "Rajasthan Police Constable Examination is starting from 7th March 2018. Admit Cards will be available shortly."

Some candidates may find the portal unresponsive due to heavy traffic.

All the candidates who have applied online for the Rajasthan Police Constable Examination 2018 are advised to go to the official website of Rajasthan Police in order to download their admit cards. The admit cards with updated details will be available on police.rajasthan.gov.in.

The vacancy is now available for 5390 posts for Constables, including general, drivers and operators. The examination is scheduled to be conducted on March 07, 2018.

Details for Rajasthan Police Admit card 2018

Age Limit:

  • General/ Operator/Band: The candidate must be born between January 02, 1995 to January 01, 2000 for Male
  • Driver: The candidate must be born between January 02, 1995 to January 01, 2000 for Male

Educational Qualification for Rajasthan Police Admit card 2018:

  • Constable in District Police - Candidates must have cleared Secondary Examination (10th class) from a recognized board.
  • Constable in RAC Battalion - Candidates must have cleared Class 8 exam from a recognized board. Rajasthan Police Exam Date 2018
  • Constable Operators - Candidates must have passed Higher Secondary examination in Science Stream with Physics and Math from a recognized board

Steps to download the Rajasthan Police Admit Card 2018: Rajasthan Police Admit Card

1. Candidates who have made online application must open the official website of Rajasthan Police in order to download the admit card- police.rajasthan.gov.in Rajasthan Police Admit Card 2018

2. After opening the Home page of the official website, the candidates will be required to click on Police Constable Recruitment link which will be shown to them on the same page.

3. After clicking on the link a new page will be opened with Login Section. 

4. Here the candidates shall be needed to Login with Login/ Registration/ Application /User ID and Password. 5. After that, the candidates will be able to download the admit card. 6. After downloading the admit card, the candidates must take a print out of it and must bring the print out at the time of examination. 7. Candidates are advised to follow all the instruction mentioned on the admit card.

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Uttar Pradesh Police Recruitment and Promotion Board (UPPBPB) has released the constable admit cards for female aspirants for the physical test of the UP Police Constable exam 2018.

The candidates must download the admit cards on or before April 19.

View: Top government jobs to apply in March-April 2018

Steps to download UP Police Constable (Female) PET admit card 2018

Visit the official website

Click on the link ‘UP Police Constable (Female) PET Admit Card 2018’

Submit your registration number and date of birth

The admit card will appear on the screen. UP Police Merit List 2018

Take a prinout and remember to carry it to the examination UP Police Constable Result 2018

For more news on police jobs,http://prpb.gov.in/admitcard.aspx click here  UP Police Result 2018

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