Just a few years ago, cannabis was better known as marijuana, hemp was considered a fiber, and only a small fraction of people in the United States had ever heard of CBD. Over the last few years, it seems CBD has launched to stardom in the world of health and wellness. From professional athletes and celebrities to busy moms and retired grandparents, thousands of people are jumping on the CBD bandwagon and touting its benefits.
Although CVS and Walgreens just recently announced plans to stock their shelves with CBD products soon, indicating a more mainstream shift, many consumers have lingering questions and concerns about the illustrious compound.
"To answer some of those questions and demystify the proliferation of CBD, let's review some of the basics regarding the increasingly popular products."
Before we dive into the specific details about CBD, we must first define the differences between these two plants. By scientific definition cannabis, marijuana, and hemp are all the same species of plant, known as cannabis sativa l.
However, by legal definition, there are a few differences in the terminology:
Hemp: By definition, hemp is a version of cannabis sativa l. which produces less than
.3% THC. As of December, with the signing of the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp can be legally cultivated in all 50 states. Traditionally, we tend to think of industrial hemp as a tall, lanky crop grown in vast fields; however, many quality CBD producers grow hemp similarly to legal cannabis for maximum cannabinoid yield.
Cannabis: Formerly known as marijuana, the legal definition of cannabis includes any cannabis sativa l plants which produce more than .3% THC. While still considered illegal at the Federal level, by exercising their 10th Amendment rights, 33 states legalized medical cannabis, and ten states allow recreational consumption.
Ironically, cannabis can produce low levels of THC with extremely high levels of CBD and still be considered cannabis, but by law, hemp crops producing more than .3% THC must be destroyed. Additionally, it takes much more plant material to produce hemp-derived CBD products than cannabis-derived CBD products. On average, most hemp crops only produce about 10 per cent CBD by volume, while some varieties of cannabis produce as much as 20-25% CBD.
Although hemp can be legally planted and grown all across the United States, the Food and Drug Administration has yet to create a full set of regulations regarding how the product can be marketed and sold. In fact, in a recent statement, Scott Gottlieb, commissioner of the FDA announced it could take years for the agency to come up to speed and issue rules and standards for the cultivation, extraction, and sale of hemp-derived CBD products.
In the meantime, consumers need to be educated and diligent. From the FDA's perspective, lack of regulation means products may be mislabeled, contain more THC than intended, or worse, contain toxins or contaminants which could contribute to worsening health problems. All of which are valid concerns.
Cannabidiol, better known as CBD, is just one of the hundreds of naturally-occurring compounds found in the cannabis plant. Named cannabinoids, scientists and researchers have been studying these compounds in cannabis and hemp for several decades. In fact, as one of the most studied cannabis compounds to date, CBD was initially discovered in the 1940s. Research intensified in the late 80s when Israeli scientists discovered the endocannabinoid system, which exists in every vertebrate animal on the planet, even fish!
Here are a few facts every consumer should know before purchasing CBD products:
CBD alone does not cause the 'high' associated with cannabis. Unlike THC, cannabidiol does not bind with the receptors in the brain. In fact, research shows that CBD has little affinity for endocannabinoid receptors at all. Instead, the molecule interacts with other receptors to mitigate and control different chemical responses in the body to elicit a particular effect.
CBD is extracted from the leaves and the flowers of the hemp or cannabis plant. Hemp seed oil certainly has nutritional benefit including Omega 3s, but the seeds and stalk of the plant contain little to no CBD. Products made from hemp seed oil do not naturally contain CBD.
Some CBD products do contain THC. As mentioned earlier, hemp does provide a small amount of THC, unless the producer is using advanced processes like flash chromatography to remove the THC from the final extract. While the amount may not be enough to cause a cerebral effect, it may be enough to test https://botany.bio positive at work if your employer has an employee drug testing policy.
Hemp is a bio-accumulator. Basically, this means hemp is mother nature's clean-up crew. By absorbing the toxins and heavy metals, like arsenic, cadmium, and lead from the soil, hemp can be extremely beneficial for the environment. Unfortunately, the plant stores these toxins in its leaves, and ultimately accumulating in the extracts.
When the FDA gets around to applying rules and regulations to the CBD market, you can be sure there will be a wide range of required tests to ascertain product potency and safety. From pre-cultivation soil testing to intermittent tests for THC potency and pesticide use, to final
product certificates of analysis, consumers must demand transparency to ensure product safety. Many high-end, well-respected CBD providers already provide QR-coded batch test results which directly correlate to each product they sell.
Just as would-be chemists found a way to make K2, or spice-a synthetic, man-made version of cannabis, some products on the market today may also contain a synthetic CBD. Often sourced from Asia, some companies are trying to skirt the legal conundrum of CBD by using a fake chemical compound which resembles CBD. These kinds of products are extremely dangerous. Forbes reported last year, 52 people in Utah became ill after ingesting a fake CBD product. How do you avoid synthetics? Always ask where the company sources their hemp. If they won't tell you, be skeptical.
Now that we've defined what CBD is, and what it isn't, the next step to successfully navigating the aisles of retail sales is understanding the difference between the various products. CBD products come in many forms, each with their own unique properties. Learning how the different products work, can help you determine which is the right product for you. When we take a vitamin, supplement, or drug only a portion of the dose ends up in our body. The amount of the substance that our body actually absorbs is called bioavailability. Different types of CBD products have different levels of bioavailability.
Vape pens or e-cigarette-like devices deliver the highest level of bioavailability. By inhaling the vapor, bypassing the digestive system, the consumer receives approximately 80% bioavailability of the CBD dose. Additionally, this allows for fast onset, which may be preferred by some consumers.
The most common way to consume CBD is with a tincture, an oil which is dropped under the tongue and absorbed sublingually. Some CBD oils may contain flavors to make them more palatable or other ingredients or essential oils. Using this method, the consumer receives between 40 to 50% bioavailability.
Ingesting CBD is undoubtedly the most delicious and fun way to consume CBD. Unfortunately, it's very ineffective. With a low bioavailability, the consumer can only expect between 4 to 20% of the CBD dose to be absorbed from an edible; the rest literally goes to waste.
Lotions, salves, balms, and anything which is applied locally to the skin falls into this category. Generally used for various skin conditions or localized inflammation, only a small portion of the CBD makes it through the epidural layers of skin. However, since CBD works with multiple receptors in the body, many consumers report positive results from infused topical products.
Depending on the product, hemp oils and extracts may contain other compounds extracted from the plant. On the market today, consumers can expect to see a variety of formulas including:
Isolate: This is the purest form of CBD, reaching between 95-99% purity. CBD isolate is a colourless, flavourless crystallite.
Full-Spectrum: These products contain CBD and other minor cannabinoids including THC, CBG, CBN, and others. Think of it like this, if we use full-spectrum to describe spaghetti sauce, CBD would be the tomatoes. Although tomatoes are tasty by themselves, spaghetti sauce gets its deliciousness from the blend of ingredients.
Broad-Spectrum: Thanks to modern technology, some producers can extract the THC entirely from the oil. THC-free products are considered broad spectrum. So, using the spaghetti sauce analogy, broad-spectrum products are like making spaghetti sauce without any seasonings. Good for you, but a little lifeless.
Finding the proper dose of CBD is a personal endeavor. Just as individuals have a unique set of fingerprints, biochemistry is also unique to the individual. Factors such as diet, current health, and genetics all play a part in affecting the way we respond to various substances including CBD. So, what product, formulation, or dose works for one person, may not work for the next.
Finding the proper dose starts with three basic principles:
Finally, there are literally hundreds of CBD products on the market. If the first product you buy isn't working for you, try a different formula or brand. As mentioned, different products affect people differently. Starting your own journey into CBD wellness begins with taking an educated approach to the products. Learning to use CBD, or other hemp and cannabis products, can seem intimidating and confusing, but through experimenting with different products and formulations, consumers all over the world are reporting incredible results.
Everyone is aware of the tenacity of skin disorders, like itches. Human beings suffer from skin problems now and then, especially if they have allergies. However, pets have to deal with dermatitis and other skin problems every day. Do you know what CBD is? If you do, then you are one step closer to a cure to Fido's skin disease. CBD oil or Cannabidiol comes from cannabis or hemp. It is a natural remedy that is perfectly safe for both people and their pets. According to researchers, it shows promise in relieving symptoms of dermatitis. Here you will learn how CBD oil for dog allergies UK can prove helpful to dogs.
About skin allergies
As already mentioned, pet dogs suffer from skin disorders like their owners. Skin problems are probably more common in dogs than most other domesticated creatures. When you notice your four-legged buddy itching profusely, it is a revelatory sign. Any dog with skin allergies will lick, scratch, or chew specific parts of their body. As a result, they often end up damaging the skin surface. The most common areas where allergies affect are the face, feet, ears, ankles, underarms, belly, muzzle, and groin.
You suffer from allergies when your immune system becomes overactive. The bodily system of your feline pal reacts similarly. However, a few dogs have immune systems that attack non-harmful environmental substances too. Dogs can be sensitive to several allergens. These are;
Some food items can also cause an allergic reaction;
Are you looking for a way to prevent your doggie from scratching and ultimately ripping off his skin? Then you must look into CBD oil, as it proved itself as an excellent cure. CBD originates from hemp and cannabis, but it doesn't have any psychoactive reactions on the user like THC. The best CBD oil for dogs with arthritis is tolerable, has no side effects, and is completely non-toxic. Continue reading to learn how CBD can help your faithful companion to fight dermatitis.
Skin health and endocannabinoids
There is an endocannabinoid system with two receptors in your body. Your pet has the same. These receptors have several roles to play regarding pain management and memory. A few of the processes have direct involvement with the skin. CBD reacts with these receptors and works to support skin homeostasis. The best organic CBD oil for dogs may be precisely what your furry friend needs.
Researchers and scientists are still conducting studies to unearth more information about the effects of CBD on dogs. Of course, it is impossible to discuss the results of all those studies. However, the specialists assure pet owners to try CBD oil. For now, there are multiple varietals of CBD available for dogs. The safest product is the oil itself. You can administer it orally or apply it directly to the affected area.
Finally, you need to pay attention to the dosage quantity. Since CBD is non-toxic, you shouldn't worry about an overdose of CBD oil for dog allergies UK. You hope to cure the skin disease that your four-legged friend is suffering from. Hence, it is wise to refrain from capsules or other consumables. Apply CBD oil once every day on the affected area of your pet's body. If the results appear unsatisfactory, then consider adjusting the dosage.