Take a test Ask your friends, family or acquaintances how they drive. Or direct them to acknowledge that they do it wrong. The truth is that no one will recognize it and that everyone believes to know how to drive like Fernando Alonso. So is. Few drivers recognize that they drive poorly, that they have shortcomings and that they should sign up, for example, to a driving course organized by the RACC.

In this country, where a great football coach or an expert in formula 1 can appear in any bar club, modesty is not common. And that we do not drive as well as we think is demonstrated every weekend in our road network. And is that getting behind the wheel of a car requires attitude, aptitude, patience, certain technical and legal knowledge and, above all, large doses of common sense dot compliance seminars.

 

1. At the wheel

To drive well you have to start at the beginning: sit well behind the wheel. Lose a minute and you will gain security. With the back well attached to the backrest, stretch one arm completely, without separating the shoulder from the backrest. Place the stretched arm just above the rim of the steering wheel.

The hand should be behind the steering wheel and wrist just above the rim of the steering wheel. The legs should be slightly bent to get to all the pedals. Adjust the mirrors well and you can already buckle the safety belt. And remember: the correct position of the hands on the steering wheel is that of the "three minus four" of the hands of a clock, with the thumbs resting on the spokes of the steering wheel. Most ruffles already have slits designed for it.

 

2. View You

have to educate the view to look far away and anticipate everything that may happen ahead. This is important on the highway, where the speed is high. For example, to detect braking or typical retentions.

Also pay attention to the possible sudden incorporation of vehicles to the road such as trucks, tractors or bicycles. Never trust what you do not see with your own eyes. And always adapt the speed to what can be seen and distrust curves with little or no visibility.

 

3. Brake

All cars already have ABS. The principle is very simple: with the wheels blocked the car has no direction. Therefore, the ABS prevents the front wheels from being blocked no matter how hard the braking is. In this way, braking to park or at a traffic light in the city is very easy. We all know how to do it. Braking at 120 km / h to avoid a collision is something else. Few drivers brake well in those circumstances.

To stop the car, in case of possible collision, you just have to do two things, but do them well: brake very hard, as if we had to break the pedal and steer the car with the steering wheel to a safe place. We must forget everything else (change, clutch or accelerator) if we want to stop well.

 

4. Distractions

This point requires the application of a lot of common sense. The most serious accidents are often the result of a distraction. Therefore, it is necessary to avoid them and not to manipulate in March any type of entertainment device of the current ones. Of course, the browser must be programmed at a standstill, before leaving.

It is even preferable to avoid depending on what type of conversations, even with your hands free. A heated argument over the phone can have dire consequences at the wheel.

 

5. Distance

Maintaining the safety distance is vital to avoid rear-end collisions and to facilitate the overtaking of the cars that come from behind and that go at a higher pace. Especially on fast roads. In addition, you always have to adapt the speed to the climatic conditions.

 

6. Curves

On the highway, riding peacefully in a straight line, everything is easier. For something they are safer and payment ways. At least in Catalonia. Now, when taking a curve on the road you have to be very clear about how to proceed. Before entering the curve you have to have the work done. First it slows down - always with the straight car - and then it reduces. Then he turns with both hands on the steering wheel. In any curve, once we have it in front, we have to imagine an entry point to start the turn, an ideal point of contact inside the curve and an area to start accelerating, at the exit, while undoing the steering wheel

 

7. Tires

More than 60% of the accidents that occur due to mechanical failures are due to the poor condition of the tires. They are the only point of contact between the car and the road. Through them the engine power and also the braking power are transmitted. In addition, they participate in the suspension and steering of the vehicle, they release heat from the brakes and the drawing must be able to evacuate the water that accumulates between the tire and asphalt when it rains. It is the responsibility of the driver to keep them in good condition.

 

8. Benefits

Although you can drive a car without knowing where you have the engine, technical knowledge helps a lot to understand its behavior.

Basically, a car is a metallic mass of about 1,500 kg of weight subject to the laws of physics. Thus, when accelerating the weight it goes backwards and when braking it concentrates in the front part. That is called mass displacement. And its weight generates inertias when approaching a curve. Therefore, the more weight, the more inertia. It is vital to know characteristics such as the weight of the car and the type of traction.

 

9. Aids

Thanks to manufacturers, today's cars are infinitely safer than just a decade ago. We attest to this every week in this engine supplement. And safety, both passive and active, has to do with the numerous driving aids increasingly present in the standard equipment.

Therefore, it is essential that the driver knows how the stability control works, the vehicle warning device in the blind spot or the device that keeps the vehicle in the lane in case of driver overshoot.

 

10. Ecology

Spending less fuel is also, of course, a good driver. You have to check the tire pressure regularly. After starting, immediately start up smoothly, without sudden accelerations.

 It is necessary to try to use long gears, without exceeding the torque regime. At traffic lights, accelerate gradually and move up quickly. If the car has it, you should always use the Start & Stop system for automatic start and stop. And a lot of moderation with the air conditioning.

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